The Different Types Of Cholesterol
All it takes to examine your cholesterol is a blood test. (You can even use a DIY test kit.) You’ll get results for 2 sorts of lipo-proteins, or cholesterol-protein combos, traveling through the blood. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) mix with different substances to make sticky plaque buildups on the walls of your blood vessels; that contributes to blockages and narrowing of the arteries which will ultimately harm you. “I tell my patients low-density lipoprotein is lousy, therefore the lower the better,” says Dr. Steinbaum.
High-density lipoproteins (HDL), on the opposite hand, act sort of a garbage collector in your blood, picking up low-density lipoprotein, and sending it to your liver to be broken down and excreted from the body. “Good cholesterol is actually protective and guards the lining of your arteries,” says Dr. Steinbaum. “Think of high-density lipoprotein as happy, and also the higher it is, the better.
There is one alternative result which will show up on a cholesterol panel—triglycerides. These lipids are made from additional calories your body doesn’t need immediately. They’re kept in fat cells to be used as energy afterward. however once triglycerides get too high, they contribute to the buildup of artery plaque, says Tamara Horwich, MD, medical director of the UCLA cardiac rehabilitation program. In line with research, individuals with elevated triglycerides are at augmented risk of cardiovascular disease even though their HDL and LDL levels are excellent.